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Guo, Y., Feng, Y., Li, Z., Lin, X. (2014). Drosophila heparan sulfate 3-O sulfotransferase B Null Mutant Is Viable and Exhibits No Defects in Notch Signaling.  J. Genet. Genomics 41(7): 369--378.
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Heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs) are critically involved in a variety of biological events. The functions of HSPGs are determined by the nature of the core proteins and modifications of heparan sulfate (HS) glycosaminoglycan (GAG) chains. The distinct O-sulfotransferases are important for nonrandom modifications at specific positions. Two HS 3-O sulfotransferase (Hs3st) genes, Hs3st-A and Hs3st-B, were identified in Drosophila. Previous experiments using RNA interference (RNAi) suggested that Hs3st-B was required for Notch signaling. Here, we generated a null mutant of Hs3st-B via ends-out gene targeting and examined its role(s) in development. We found that homozygous Hs3st-B mutants have no neurogenic defects or alterations in the expression of Notch signaling target gene. Thus, our results strongly argue against an essential role for Hs3st-B in Notch signaling. Moreover, we have generated two independent Hs3st-A RNAi lines which worked to deplete Hs3st-A. Importantly, Hs3st-A RNAi combined with Hs3st-B mutant flies did not alter the expression of Notch signaling components, arguing that both Hs3st-A and Hs3st-B were not essential for Notch signaling. The establishment of Hs3st-B mutant and effective Hs3st-A RNAi lines provides essential tools for further studies of the physiological roles of Hs3st-A and Hs3st-B in development and homeostasis.

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    J. Genet. Genomics
    Journal of Genetics and Genomics [Yi chuan xue bao]
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    Alleles (6)
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