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Citation
Yu, S., Nie, Y., Knowles, B., Sakamori, R., Stypulkowski, E., Patel, C., Das, S., Douard, V., Ferraris, R.P., Bonder, E.M., Goldenring, J.R., Ip, Y.T., Gao, N. (2014). TLR sorting by Rab11 endosomes maintains intestinal epithelial-microbial homeostasis.  EMBO J. 33(17): 1882--1895.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0226052
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Compartmentalization of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) in intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) regulates distinct immune responses to microbes; however, the specific cellular machinery that controls this mechanism has not been fully identified. Here we provide genetic evidences that the recycling endosomal compartment in enterocytes maintains a homeostatic TLR9 intracellular distribution, supporting mucosal tolerance to normal microbiota. Genetic ablation of a recycling endosome resident small GTPase, Rab11a, a gene adjacent to a Crohn's disease risk locus, in mouse IECs and in Drosophila midgut caused epithelial cell-intrinsic cytokine production, inflammatory bowel phenotype, and early mortality. Unlike wild-type controls, germ-free Rab11a-deficient mouse intestines failed to tolerate the intraluminal stimulation of microbial agonists. Thus, Rab11a endosome controls intestinal host-microbial homeostasis at least partially via sorting TLRs.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC4195784 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    EMBO J.
    Title
    The EMBO Journal
    Publication Year
    1982-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0261-4189
    Data From Reference