Open Close
Reference
Citation
Herz, H.M., Morgan, M., Gao, X., Jackson, J., Rickels, R., Swanson, S.K., Florens, L., Washburn, M.P., Eissenberg, J.C., Shilatifard, A. (2014). Histone H3 lysine-to-methionine mutants as a paradigm to study chromatin signaling.  Science 345(6200): 1065--1070.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0226097
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Histone H3 lysine(27)-to-methionine (H3K27M) gain-of-function mutations occur in highly aggressive pediatric gliomas. We established a Drosophila animal model for the pathogenic histone H3K27M mutation and show that its overexpression resembles polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) loss-of-function phenotypes, causing derepression of PRC2 target genes and developmental perturbations. Similarly, an H3K9M mutant depletes H3K9 methylation levels and suppresses position-effect variegation in various Drosophila tissues. The histone H3K9 demethylase KDM3B/JHDM2 associates with H3K9M-containing nucleosomes, and its misregulation in Drosophila results in changes of H3K9 methylation levels and heterochromatic silencing defects. We have established histone lysine-to-methionine mutants as robust in vivo tools for inhibiting methylation pathways that also function as biochemical reagents for capturing site-specific histone-modifying enzymes, thus providing molecular insight into chromatin signaling pathways.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC4508193 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
Associated Information
Comments
Associated Files
Other Information
Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Science
    Title
    Science
    Publication Year
    1895-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0036-8075
    Data From Reference