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Ashwal-Fluss, R., Meyer, M., Pamudurti, N.R., Ivanov, A., Bartok, O., Hanan, M., Evantal, N., Memczak, S., Rajewsky, N., Kadener, S. (2014). circRNA biogenesis competes with pre-mRNA splicing.  Mol. Cell 56(1): 55--66.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0227133
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are widely expressed noncoding RNAs. However, their biogenesis and possible functions are poorly understood. Here, by studying circRNAs that we identified in neuronal tissues, we provide evidence that animal circRNAs are generated cotranscriptionally and that their production rate is mainly determined by intronic sequences. We demonstrate that circularization and splicing compete against each other. These mechanisms are tissue specific and conserved in animals. Interestingly, we observed that the second exon of the splicing factor muscleblind (MBL/MBNL1) is circularized in flies and humans. This circRNA (circMbl) and its flanking introns contain conserved muscleblind binding sites, which are strongly and specifically bound by MBL. Modulation of MBL levels strongly affects circMbl biosynthesis, and this effect is dependent on the MBL binding sites. Together, our data suggest that circRNAs can function in gene regulation by competing with linear splicing. Furthermore, we identified muscleblind as a factor involved in circRNA biogenesis.
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Obtained with permission from Cell Press.
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PubMed Central ID
Related Publication(s)
Note
Biogenesis of Circular RNAs.
Vicens and Westhof, 2014, Cell 159(1): 13--14 [FBrf0228396]
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Mol. Cell
    Title
    Molecular Cell
    Publication Year
    1997-
    ISBN/ISSN
    1097-2765 1097-4164
    Data From Reference