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Erdmann, I., Marter, K., Kobler, O., Niehues, S., Abele, J., Müller, A., Bussmann, J., Storkebaum, E., Ziv, T., Thomas, U., Dieterich, D.C. (2015). Cell-selective labelling of proteomes in Drosophila melanogaster.  Nat. Commun. 6(): 7521.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0228896
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

The specification and adaptability of cells rely on changes in protein composition. Nonetheless, uncovering proteome dynamics with cell-type-specific resolution remains challenging. Here we introduce a strategy for cell-specific analysis of newly synthesized proteomes by combining targeted expression of a mutated methionyl-tRNA synthetase (MetRS) with bioorthogonal or fluorescent non-canonical amino-acid-tagging techniques (BONCAT or FUNCAT). Substituting leucine by glycine within the MetRS-binding pocket (MetRS(LtoG)) enables incorporation of the non-canonical amino acid azidonorleucine (ANL) instead of methionine during translation. Newly synthesized proteins can thus be labelled by coupling the azide group of ANL to alkyne-bearing tags through 'click chemistry'. To test these methods for applicability in vivo, we expressed MetRS(LtoG) cell specifically in Drosophila. FUNCAT and BONCAT reveal ANL incorporation into proteins selectively in cells expressing the mutated enzyme. Cell-type-specific FUNCAT and BONCAT, thus, constitute eligible techniques to study protein synthesis-dependent processes in complex and behaving organisms.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC4507001 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Nat. Commun.
    Title
    Nature communications
    ISBN/ISSN
    2041-1723
    Data From Reference