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Lin, W.S., Huang, C.W., Song, Y.S., Yen, J.H., Kuo, P.C., Yeh, S.R., Lin, H.Y., Fu, T.F., Wu, M.S., Wang, H.D., Wang, P.Y. (2015). Reduced Gut Acidity Induces an Obese-Like Phenotype in Drosophila melanogaster and in Mice.  PLoS ONE 10(10): e0139722.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0229750
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

In order to identify genes involved in stress and metabolic regulation, we carried out a Drosophila P-element-mediated mutagenesis screen for starvation resistance. We isolated a mutant, m2, that showed a 23% increase in survival time under starvation conditions. The P-element insertion was mapped to the region upstream of the vha16-1 gene, which encodes the c subunit of the vacuolar-type H+-ATPase. We found that vha16-1 is highly expressed in the fly midgut, and that m2 mutant flies are hypomorphic for vha16-1 and also exhibit reduced midgut acidity. This deficit is likely to induce altered metabolism and contribute to accelerated aging, since vha16-1 mutant flies are short-lived and display increases in body weight and lipid accumulation. Similar phenotypes were also induced by pharmacological treatment, through feeding normal flies and mice with a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor (acetazolamide) or proton pump inhibitor (PPI, lansoprazole) to suppress gut acid production. Our study may thus provide a useful model for investigating chronic acid suppression in patients.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC4593636 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    PLoS ONE
    Title
    PLoS ONE
    Publication Year
    2006-
    ISBN/ISSN
    1932-6203
    Data From Reference
    Alleles (6)
    Genes (2)
    Natural transposons (1)
    Insertions (3)
    Experimental Tools (1)
    Transgenic Constructs (3)