Drosophila border cells undergo a straightforward and stereotypical collective migration during egg development. However, a complex genetic program underlies this process. A variety of approaches, including biochemical, genetic, and imaging strategies have identified many regulatory components, revealing layers of control. This complexity suggests that the active processes of evaluating the environment, remodeling the cytoskeleton, and coordinating movements among cells, demand rapid systems for modulating cell behaviors. Multiple signaling inputs, nodes of integration, and feedback loops act as molecular rheostats to fine-tune gene expression levels and physical responses. Since key genetic regulators of border cell migration have been shown to be required in other types of cell migration, this model system continues to provide an important avenue for genetic discovery.