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Citation
Pfaff, D.H., Fleming, T., Nawroth, P., Teleman, A.A. (2017). Evidence Against a Role for the Parkinsonism-associated Protein DJ-1 in Methylglyoxal Detoxification.  J. Biol. Chem. 292(2): 685--690.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0234487
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Methylglyoxal (MG) is a reactive metabolite that forms adducts on cysteine, lysine and arginine residues of proteins, thereby affecting their function. Methylglyoxal is detoxified by the Glyoxalase system, consisting of two enzymes, Glo1 and Glo2, that act sequentially to convert MG into d-lactate. Recently, the Parkinsonism-associated protein DJ-1 was described in vitro to have glyoxalase activity, thereby detoxifying the MG metabolite, or deglycase activity, thereby removing the adduct formed by MG on proteins. Since Drosophila is an established model system to study signaling, neurodegeneration, and metabolic regulation in vivo, we asked whether DJ-1 contributes to MG detoxification in vivo Using both DJ-1 knockdown in Drosophila cells in culture, and DJ-1β knock-out flies, we could detect no contribution of DJ-1 to survival to MG challenge or to accumulation of MG protein adducts. Furthermore, we provide data suggesting that the previously reported deglycation activity of DJ-1 can be ascribed to a TRIS buffer artifact.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC5241742 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    J. Biol. Chem.
    Title
    Journal of Biological Chemistry
    Publication Year
    1905-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0021-9258
    Data From Reference
    Genes (3)