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Citation
Kong, D., Wolf, F., Großhans, J. (2017). Forces directing germ-band extension in Drosophila embryos.  Mech. Dev. 144(A): 11--22.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0235128
Publication Type
Review
Abstract
Body axis elongation by convergent extension is a conserved developmental process found in all metazoans. Drosophila embryonic germ-band extension is an important morphogenetic process during embryogenesis, by which the length of the germ-band is more than doubled along the anterior-posterior axis. This lengthening is achieved by typical convergent extension, i.e. narrowing the lateral epidermis along the dorsal-ventral axis and simultaneous extension along the anterior-posterior axis. Germ-band extension is largely driven by cell intercalation, whose directionality is determined by the planar polarity of the tissue and ultimately by the anterior-posterior patterning system. In addition, extrinsic tensile forces originating from the invaginating endoderm induce cell shape changes, which transiently contribute to germ-band extension. Here, we review recent progress in understanding of the role of mechanical forces in germ-band extension.
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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Mech. Dev.
    Title
    Mechanisms of Development
    Publication Year
    1990-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0925-4773
    Data From Reference
    Genes (9)