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Citation
Specchia, V., D'Attis, S., Puricella, A., Bozzetti, M.P. (2017). dFmr1 Plays Roles in Small RNA Pathways of Drosophila melanogaster.  Int. J. Mol. Sci. 18(5): E1066.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0235509
Publication Type
Review
Abstract

Fragile-X syndrome is the most common form of inherited mental retardation accompanied by other phenotypes, including macroorchidism. The disorder originates with mutations in the Fmr1 gene coding for the FMRP protein, which, with its paralogs FXR1 and FXR2, constitute a well-conserved family of RNA-binding proteins. Drosophila melanogaster is a good model for the syndrome because it has a unique fragile X-related gene: dFmr1. Recently, in addition to its confirmed role in the miRNA pathway, a function for dFmr1 in the piRNA pathway, operating in Drosophila gonads, has been established. In this review we report a summary of the piRNA pathways occurring in gonads with a special emphasis on the relationship between the piRNA genes and the crystal-Stellate system; we also analyze the roles of dFmr1 in the Drosophila gonads, exploring their genetic and biochemical interactions to reveal some unexpected connections.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC5454977 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Int. J. Mol. Sci.
    Title
    International journal of molecular sciences
    ISBN/ISSN
    1422-0067
    Data From Reference