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Huang, H.W., Zeng, X., Rhim, T., Ron, D., Ryoo, H.D. (2017). The requirement of IRE1 and XBP1 in resolving physiological stress during Drosophila development.  J. Cell Sci. 130(18): 3040--3049.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0236652
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

IRE1 mediates the unfolded protein response (UPR) in part by regulating XBP1 mRNA splicing in response to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. In cultured metazoan cells, IRE1 also exhibits XBP1-independent biochemical activities. IRE1 and XBP1 are developmentally essential genes in Drosophila and mammals, but the source of the physiological ER stress and the relative contributions of XBP1 activation versus other IRE1 functions to development remain unknown. Here, we employed Drosophila to address this question. Explicitly, we find that specific regions of the developing alimentary canal, fat body and the male reproductive organ are the sources of physiological stress that require Ire1 and Xbp1 for resolution. In particular, the developmental lethality associated with an Xbp1 null mutation was rescued by transgenic expression of Xbp1 in the alimentary canal. The domains of IRE1 that are involved in detecting unfolded proteins, cleaving RNAs and activating XBP1 splicing were all essential for development. The earlier onset of developmental defects in Ire1 mutant larvae compared to in Xbp1-null flies supports a developmental role for XBP1-independent IRE1 RNase activity, while challenging the importance of RNase-independent effector mechanisms of Drosophila IRE1 function.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC5612175 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    J. Cell Sci.
    Title
    Journal of Cell Science
    Publication Year
    1966-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0021-9533
    Data From Reference