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Citation
Li, T., Bellen, H.J., Groves, A.K. (2018). Using Drosophila to study mechanisms of hereditary hearing loss.  Dis. Model Mech. 11(6): dmm031492.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0239051
Publication Type
Review
Abstract

Johnston's organ - the hearing organ of Drosophila - has a very different structure and morphology to that of the hearing organs of vertebrates. Nevertheless, it is becoming clear that vertebrate and invertebrate auditory organs share many physiological, molecular and genetic similarities. Here, we compare the molecular and cellular features of hearing organs in Drosophila with those of vertebrates, and discuss recent evidence concerning the functional conservation of Usher proteins between flies and mammals. Mutations in Usher genes cause Usher syndrome, the leading cause of human deafness and blindness. In Drosophila, some Usher syndrome proteins appear to physically interact in protein complexes that are similar to those described in mammals. This functional conservation highlights a rational role for Drosophila as a model for studying hearing, and for investigating the evolution of auditory organs, with the aim of advancing our understanding of the genes that regulate human hearing and the pathogenic mechanisms that lead to deafness.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC6031363 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Dis. Model Mech.
    Title
    Disease models & mechanisms
    ISBN/ISSN
    1754-8403 1754-8411
    Data From Reference