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Citation
Valsecchi, C.I.K., Basilicata, M.F., Semplicio, G., Georgiev, P., Gutierrez, N.M., Akhtar, A. (2018). Facultative dosage compensation of developmental genes on autosomes in Drosophila and mouse embryonic stem cells.  Nat. Commun. 9(1): 3626.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0240007
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract
Haploinsufficiency and aneuploidy are two phenomena, where gene dosage alterations cause severe defects ultimately resulting in developmental failures and disease. One remarkable exception is the X chromosome, where copy number differences between sexes are buffered by dosage compensation systems. In Drosophila, the Male-Specific Lethal complex (MSLc) mediates upregulation of the single male X chromosome. The evolutionary origin and conservation of this process orchestrated by MSL2, the only male-specific protein within the fly MSLc, have remained unclear. Here, we report that MSL2, in addition to regulating the X chromosome, targets autosomal genes involved in patterning and morphogenesis. Precise regulation of these genes by MSL2 is required for proper development. This set of dosage-sensitive genes maintains such regulation during evolution, as MSL2 binds and similarly regulates mouse orthologues via Histone H4 lysine 16 acetylation. We propose that this gene-by-gene dosage compensation mechanism was co-opted during evolution for chromosome-wide regulation of the Drosophila male X.
PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC6128902 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Nat. Commun.
    Title
    Nature communications
    ISBN/ISSN
    2041-1723
    Data From Reference