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Citation
Harris, K.P., Littleton, J.T., Stewart, B.A. (2018). Postsynaptic Syntaxin 4 negatively regulates the efficiency of neurotransmitter release.  J. Neurogenet. 32(3): 221--229.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0240763
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Signaling from the postsynaptic compartment regulates multiple aspects of synaptic development and function. Syntaxin 4 (Syx4) is a plasma membrane t-SNARE that promotes the growth and plasticity of Drosophila neuromuscular junctions (NMJs) by regulating the localization of key synaptic proteins in the postsynaptic compartment. Here, we describe electrophysiological analyses and report that loss of Syx4 leads to enhanced neurotransmitter release, despite a decrease in the number of active zones. We describe a requirement for postsynaptic Syx4 in regulating several presynaptic parameters, including Ca2+ cooperativity and the abundance of the presynaptic calcium channel Cacophony (Cac) at active zones. These findings indicate Syx4 negatively regulates presynaptic neurotransmitter release through a retrograde signaling mechanism from the postsynaptic compartment.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC6317344 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    J. Neurogenet.
    Title
    Journal of Neurogenetics
    Publication Year
    1983-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0167-7063
    Data From Reference
    Genes (3)