Downregulation of Rpd3 (histone deacetylase) or Loco (regulator of G-protein signaling protein) extends Drosophila lifespan with higher stress resistance. We found rpd3-downregulated long-lived flies genetically interact with loco-upregulated short-lived flies in stress resistance and lifespan. Gene expression profiles between those flies revealed that they regulate common target genes in metabolic enzymes and signaling pathways, showing an opposite expression pattern in their contrasting lifespans. Functional analyses of more significantly changed genes indicated that the activities of catabolic enzymes and uptake/storage proteins are reduced in long-lived flies with Rpd3 downregulation. This reduced catabolism exhibited from a young age is considered to be necessary for the resultant longer lifespan of the Rpd3- and Loco-downregulated old flies, which mimics the dietary restriction (DR) effect that extends lifespan in the several species. Inversely, those catabolic activities that break down carbohydrates, lipids, and peptides were high in the short lifespan of Loco-upregulated flies. Long noncoding gene, dntRL (CR45923), was also found as a putative target modulated by Rpd3 and Loco for the longevity. Interestingly, this dntRL could affect stress resistance and lifespan, suggesting that the dntRL lncRNA may be involved in the metabolic mechanism of Rpd3 and Loco signaling.