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Citation
Albig, C., Tikhonova, E., Krause, S., Maksimenko, O., Regnard, C., Becker, P.B. (2019). Factor cooperation for chromosome discrimination in Drosophila.  Nucleic Acids Res. 47(4): 1706--1724.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0241657
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Transcription regulators select their genomic binding sites from a large pool of similar, non-functional sequences. Although general principles that allow such discrimination are known, the complexity of DNA elements often precludes a prediction of functional sites. The process of dosage compensation in Drosophila allows exploring the rules underlying binding site selectivity. The male-specific-lethal (MSL) Dosage Compensation Complex (DCC) selectively binds to some 300 X chromosomal 'High Affinity Sites' (HAS) containing GA-rich 'MSL recognition elements' (MREs), but disregards thousands of other MRE sequences in the genome. The DNA-binding subunit MSL2 alone identifies a subset of MREs, but fails to recognize most MREs within HAS. The 'Chromatin-linked adaptor for MSL proteins' (CLAMP) also interacts with many MREs genome-wide and promotes DCC binding to HAS. Using genome-wide DNA-immunoprecipitation we describe extensive cooperativity between both factors, depending on the nature of the binding sites. These are explained by physical interaction between MSL2 and CLAMP. In vivo, both factors cooperate to compete with nucleosome formation at HAS. The male-specific MSL2 thus synergises with a ubiquitous GA-repeat binding protein for refined X/autosome discrimination.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC6393291 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Nucleic Acids Res.
    Title
    Nucleic Acids Research
    Publication Year
    1974-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0305-1048
    Data From Reference
    Genes (3)
    Physical Interactions (5)
    Cell Lines (3)