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Jiang, N., Rasmussen, J.P., Clanton, J.A., Rosenberg, M.F., Luedke, K.P., Cronan, M.R., Parker, E.D., Kim, H.J., Vaughan, J.C., Sagasti, A., Parrish, J.Z. (2019). A conserved morphogenetic mechanism for epidermal ensheathment of nociceptive sensory neurites.  eLife 8(): e42455.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0242117
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Interactions between epithelial cells and neurons influence a range of sensory modalities including taste, touch, and smell. Vertebrate and invertebrate epidermal cells ensheath peripheral arbors of somatosensory neurons, including nociceptors, yet the developmental origins and functional roles of this ensheathment are largely unknown. Here, we describe an evolutionarily conserved morphogenetic mechanism for epidermal ensheathment of somatosensory neurites. We found that somatosensory neurons in Drosophila and zebrafish induce formation of epidermal sheaths, which wrap neurites of different types of neurons to different extents. Neurites induce formation of plasma membrane phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate microdomains at nascent sheaths, followed by a filamentous actin network, and recruitment of junctional proteins that likely form autotypic junctions to seal sheaths. Finally, blocking epidermal sheath formation destabilized dendrite branches and reduced nociceptive sensitivity in Drosophila. Epidermal somatosensory neurite ensheathment is thus a deeply conserved cellular process that contributes to the morphogenesis and function of nociceptive sensory neurons.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC6450671 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    eLife
    Title
    eLife
    ISBN/ISSN
    2050-084X
    Data From Reference
    Aberrations (1)
    Alleles (105)
    Genes (84)
    Natural transposons (2)
    Insertions (12)
    Experimental Tools (2)
    Transgenic Constructs (98)