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Citation
Koromila, T., Stathopoulos, A. (2019). Distinct Roles of Broadly Expressed Repressors Support Dynamic Enhancer Action and Change in Time.  Cell Rep. 28(4): 855--863.e5.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0243010
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

How broadly expressed repressors regulate gene expression is incompletely understood. To gain insight, we investigated how Suppressor of Hairless-Su(H)-and Runt regulate expression of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) antagonist short-gastrulation via the sog_Distal enhancer. A live imaging protocol was optimized to capture this enhancer's spatiotemporal output throughout the early Drosophila embryo, finding in this context that Runt regulates transcription initiation, Su(H) regulates transcription rate, and both factors control spatial expression. Furthermore, whereas Su(H) functions as a dedicated repressor, Runt temporally switches from repressor to activator. Our results demonstrate that broad repressors play temporally distinct roles and contribute to dynamic gene expression. Both Run and Su(H)'s ability to influence the spatiotemporal domains of gene expression may serve to counterbalance activators and function in this manner as important regulators of the maternal-to-zygotic transition in early embryos.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC6927530 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Cell Rep.
    Title
    Cell reports
    ISBN/ISSN
    2211-1247
    Data From Reference
    Genes (2)