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Citation
Reichholf, B., Herzog, V.A., Fasching, N., Manzenreither, R.A., Sowemimo, I., Ameres, S.L. (2019). Time-Resolved Small RNA Sequencing Unravels the Molecular Principles of MicroRNA Homeostasis.  Mol. Cell 75(4): 756--768.e7.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0243319
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Argonaute-bound microRNAs silence mRNA expression in a dynamic and regulated manner to control organismal development, physiology, and disease. We employed metabolic small RNA sequencing for a comprehensive view on intracellular microRNA kinetics in Drosophila. Based on absolute rate of biogenesis and decay, microRNAs rank among the fastest produced and longest-lived cellular transcripts, disposing up to 105 copies per cell at steady-state. Mature microRNAs are produced within minutes, revealing tight intracellular coupling of biogenesis that is selectively disrupted by pre-miRNA-uridylation. Control over Argonaute protein homeostasis generates a kinetic bottleneck that cooperates with non-coding RNA surveillance to ensure faithful microRNA loading. Finally, regulated small RNA decay enables the selective rapid turnover of Ago1-bound microRNAs, but not of Ago2-bound small interfering RNAs (siRNAs), reflecting key differences in the robustness of small RNA silencing pathways. Time-resolved small RNA sequencing opens new experimental avenues to deconvolute the timescales, molecular features, and regulation of small RNA silencing pathways in living cells.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC6713562 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Mol. Cell
    Title
    Molecular Cell
    Publication Year
    1997-
    ISBN/ISSN
    1097-2765 1097-4164
    Data From Reference