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Citation
Si, Y., Liu, X., Ye, K., Bonfini, A., Hu, X.Y., Buchon, N., Gu, Z. (2019). Glucomannan Hydrolysate Promotes Gut Proliferative Homeostasis and Extends Life Span in Drosophila melanogaster.  J. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci. 74(10): 1549--1556.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0243515
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Dietary supplementation of glucomannan has been shown to have multiple health benefits, but its effect on life span has not been investigated. Here, we show that glucomannan hydrolysate (GMH) treatment extends mean life span of the model organism Drosophila melanogaster. To unravel the underlying mechanisms, we first examined the effect of GMH on the gut microbiota. We found that GMH treatment is associated with an elevated bacterial load in aged flies but overall has limited effects on the relative microbiota composition. We also demonstrated that GMH inhibits age-associated hyperproliferation of intestinal stem cells and thus delays the deterioration of gut integrity. Further analysis of the midgut transcriptome revealed that both EGFR/MAPK and JAK/STAT signaling pathways are suppressed in GMH groups. Multiple key regulators or effectors of EGFR/MAPK pathway, Ets21c, Mkp3, and Rho, are downregulated by GMH treatment. In the JAK/STAT pathway, major ligands (eg, Upd2 and Upd3) and negative feedback inhibitors (eg, Socs36e) are all significantly downregulated. Additionally, the expression of genes encoding antimicrobial peptides is elevated by GMH treatment. Taken together, our study shows that dietary supplementation of GMH can prolong life span, possibly through regulating gut proliferative homeostasis.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC6748797 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
Related Publication(s)
Note

Drosophila Flies in the Face of Aging.
Tower, 2019, J. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci. 74(10): 1539--1541 [FBrf0243572]

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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    J. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci.
    Title
    The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences
    Publication Year
    1994-
    ISBN/ISSN
    1079-5006 1758-535X
    Data From Reference