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Citation
Ma, H., Zhao, H., Liu, F., Zhao, H., Kong, R., Shi, L., Wei, M., Li, Z. (2019). Heparan sulfate negatively regulates intestinal stem cell proliferation in Drosophila adult midgut.  Biol. Open 8(10): bio047126.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0243771
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Tissue homeostasis is maintained by differentiated progeny of residential stem cells. Both extrinsic signals and intrinsic factors play critical roles in the proliferation and differentiation of adult intestinal stem cells (ISCs). However, how extrinsic signals are transduced into ISCs still remains unclear. Here, we find that heparan sulfate (HS), a class of glycosaminoglycan (GAG) chains, negatively regulates progenitor proliferation and differentiation to maintain midgut homeostasis under physiological conditions. Interestingly, HS depletion in progenitors results in inactivation of Decapentaplegic (Dpp) signaling. Dpp signal inactivation in progenitors resembles HS-deficient intestines. Ectopic Dpp signaling completely rescued the defects caused by HS depletion. Taken together, these data demonstrate that HS is required for Dpp signaling to maintain midgut homeostasis. Our results provide insight into the regulatory mechanisms of how extrinsic signals are transduced into stem cells to regulate their proliferation and differentiation.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC6826283 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Biol. Open
    Title
    Biology open
    ISBN/ISSN
    2046-6390
    Data From Reference