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Gulati, P., Kohli, S., Narang, A., Brahmachari, V. (2020). Mining histone methyltransferases and demethylases from whole genome sequence.  J. Biosci., Bangalore 45: 9.
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Epigenetic regulation through post-translational modification of histones, especially methylation, is well conserved in evolution. Although there are several insect genomes sequenced, an analysis with a focus on their epigenetic repertoire is limited. We have utilized a novel work-flow to identify one or more domains as highpriority domain (HPD), if present in at least 50% of the genes of a given functional class in the reference genome, namely, that of Drosophila melanogaster. Based on this approach, we have mined histone methyltransferases and demethylases from the whole genome sequence of Aedes aegypti (Diptera), the pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum, the triatomid bug Rhodnius prolixus (Hemiptera), the honeybee Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera), the silkworm Bombyx mori (Lepidoptera) and the red flour beetle Tribolium castaneum (Coleoptera). We identified 38 clusters consisting of arginine methyltransferases, lysine methyltransferases and demethylases using OrthoFinder, and the presence of HPD was queried in these sequences using InterProScan. This approach led us to identify putative novel members and currently inaccurate ones. Other than the highpriority domains, these proteins contain shared and unique domains that can mediate protein-protein interaction. Phylogenetic analysis indicates that there is different extent of protein sequence similarity; average similarity between histone lysine methyltransferases varies from 41% (for active mark) to 48% (for repressive mark), arginine methyltransferases is 51%, and demethylases is 52%. The method utilized here facilitates reliable identification of desired functional class in newly sequenced genomes.

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    J. Biosci., Bangalore
    Journal of Biosciences
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