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Cao, W.X., Kabelitz, S., Gupta, M., Yeung, E., Lin, S., Rammelt, C., Ihling, C., Pekovic, F., Low, T.C.H., Siddiqui, N.U., Cheng, M.H.K., Angers, S., Smibert, C.A., Wühr, M., Wahle, E., Lipshitz, H.D. (2020). Precise Temporal Regulation of Post-transcriptional Repressors Is Required for an Orderly Drosophila Maternal-to-Zygotic Transition.  Cell Rep. 31(12): 107783.
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Research paper

In animal embryos, the maternal-to-zygotic transition (MZT) hands developmental control from maternal to zygotic gene products. We show that the maternal proteome represents more than half of the protein-coding capacity of Drosophila melanogaster's genome, and that 2% of this proteome is rapidly degraded during the MZT. Cleared proteins include the post-transcriptional repressors Cup, Trailer hitch (TRAL), Maternal expression at 31B (ME31B), and Smaug (SMG). Although the ubiquitin-proteasome system is necessary for clearance of these repressors, distinct E3 ligase complexes target them: the C-terminal to Lis1 Homology (CTLH) complex targets Cup, TRAL, and ME31B for degradation early in the MZT and the Skp/Cullin/F-box-containing (SCF) complex targets SMG at the end of the MZT. Deleting the C-terminal 233 amino acids of SMG abrogates F-box protein interaction and confers immunity to degradation. Persistent SMG downregulates zygotic re-expression of mRNAs whose maternal contribution is degraded by SMG. Thus, clearance of SMG permits an orderly MZT.

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PMC7372737 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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Proteomic peptides identified in the embryo of Drosophila melanogaster.
Gupta et al., 2020.7.2, Proteomic peptides identified in the embryo of Drosophila melanogaster. [FBrf0247186]

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    Cell Rep.
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