Open Close
Reference
Citation
Izumi, Y., Furuse, K., Furuse, M. (2021). The novel membrane protein Hoka regulates septate junction organization and stem cell homeostasis in the Drosophila gut.  J. Cell Sci. 134(6): jcs257022.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0248529
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Smooth septate junctions (sSJs) regulate the paracellular transport in the intestinal tract in arthropods. In Drosophila, the organization and physiological function of sSJs are regulated by at least three sSJ-specific membrane proteins: Ssk, Mesh and Tsp2A. Here, we report a novel sSJ membrane protein, Hoka, which has a single membrane-spanning segment with a short extracellular region, and a cytoplasmic region with Tyr-Thr-Pro-Ala motifs. The larval midgut in hoka mutants shows a defect in sSJ structure. Hoka forms a complex with Ssk, Mesh and Tsp2A, and is required for the correct localization of these proteins to sSJs. Knockdown of hoka in the adult midgut leads to intestinal barrier dysfunction and stem cell overproliferation. In hoka-knockdown midguts, aPKC is upregulated in the cytoplasm and the apical membrane of epithelial cells. The depletion of aPKC and yki in hoka-knockdown midguts results in reduced stem cell overproliferation. These findings indicate that Hoka cooperates with the sSJ proteins Ssk, Mesh and Tsp2A to organize sSJs, and is required for maintaining intestinal stem cell homeostasis through the regulation of aPKC and Yki activities in the Drosophila midgut.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
Associated Information
Comments
Associated Files
Other Information
Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    J. Cell Sci.
    Title
    Journal of Cell Science
    Publication Year
    1966-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0021-9533
    Data From Reference