FB2016_04, released July 28, 2016
 
 

A Database of Drosophila Genes & Genomes

Balancer/Genotype variant report help

Last Updated: 22 November 2006

The Balancer/Genotype Variant Report contains the information for an individual balancer/genotype variant. Genotype variants are chromosomal rearrangements which carry the same rearrangement as their parent aberration (listed in the Parent aberration field of the report), but they differ genetically from the parent aberration, e.g. carrying a different constellation of alleles and/or transposable element insertions.

A genotype variant chromosome may also be a Balancer, which is a multiply inverted chromosome that suppresses recombination with the homologous chromosome. This allows the homologous chromosome (or part of it) to be maintained intact in a cross or stock. Balancers also typically carry a dominant marker and are often lethal or sterile when homozygous. This can increase their usefulness to researchers.

If an individual genotype variant chromosome has been reported to be usable as a balancer this is indicated by the presence of the Described as Balancer field in the Report.

This is a field-by-field guide to the information provided in the Balancer/Genotype Variant Report. FlyBase attributes data to the publication that reported it, so that users can easily refer back to the original publication if they wish. Thus, where possible in the fields below, the publication(s) that are the source of the information are listed, typically in parentheses to the right of the data. The exception in the Genotype Variant/Balancer Report is the GENERAL INFORMATION section which contains a summary of the identity of the genotype variant/balancer.

hide General Information
Symbol

The valid symbol that is used in FlyBase for the balancer/genotype variant.

The first part of the symbol (before the '\') is the standard prefix for the species (from the Species Abbreviations list). For species other than D.melanogaster, the species prefix is displayed wherever the balancer/genotype variant symbol is used throughout FlyBase. For D.melanogaster balancer/genotype variants, the species prefix is only displayed in the GENERAL INFORMATION section at the top of a Report.

Species

The organism that the balancer/genotype variant originates from, with the initial letter of the genus and the full species name listed.

FlyBase ID

The Primary FlyBase identifier number of the balancer/genotype variant, used to uniquely identify the balancer/genotype variant in the database.

A balancer/genotype variant may also have any number of Secondary FlyBase identifier numbers, which are listed in the SECONDARY FLYBASE IDs section of the Balancer/Genotype Variant Report.

Created/Updated

The date that the balancer/genotype variant was entered into the chado database underlying FlyBase (we migrated to the chado database on 2006-08-22) and the date that the balancer/genotype report was last updated. The dates are in the format: year-mm-dd.

Short genotype

This combines the symbol of a classical balancer with new allele, aberration or transposable element insertion symbols to define a unique balancer variant.

Parent aberration

The parent aberration of the balancer/genotype variant. The balancer/genotype variant carries the same rearrangement as the parent aberration, but differs genetically, e.g. carrying a different constellation of alleles and/or transposable element insertions.

Parent Cytology

A description of the new cytological order of the parent aberration (by definition the same as that of the balancer/genotype variant).

The sequence of each chromosome involved in the chromosomal aberration is specified from one end to the other according to salivary gland chromosome band terminology. Each chromosome is separated by a semicolon. Points of breakage and reunion are indicated by vertical bars, and segments between these points are designated by the most extreme band known to be present at each end, separated by a dash. If the order of a particular segment is not known, the segment is inlcuded within parentheses, and hierarchies of ambiguities are represented by parentheses within parentheses.

Progenitor

The mutant chromosome on which the balancer/genotype variant was induced. This is either a chromosomal aberration or another balancer/genotype variant.

Described as Balancer

This field is only displayed on an individual report if the genotype variant chromosome has been reported as being usable as a balancer. The publication(s) that reported this information are listed, where available.

Alleles

A list of alleles that are carried on the balancer/genotype variant.

Clicking on an allele symbol will take you to the relevant Allele Report.

Transposon Insertions

A list of insertions of transgenic constructs or natural transposons that are carried on the balancer/genotype variant.

Clicking on an insertion symbol will take you to the relevant Insertion Report.

Discoverer

A list of the individuals who identified or generated the balancer/genotype variant.

hide Stocks

Clicking on the "Search for Stocks" button allows you to search for stocks that contain the balancer/genotype variant.

hide Genetic Data
Genes subject to position-effect variegation

A list of genes that show recessive position effect variegation in the presence of the balancer/genotype variant.

Clicking on a gene symbol will take you to the relevant Gene Report.

This field is only displayed in an individual Balancer/Genotype Variant Report if it contains data.

Genes showing dominant position-effect variegation

A list of genes that show dominant position effect variegation in the presence of the balancer/genotype variant.

Clicking on a gene symbol will take you to the relevant Gene Report.

This field is only displayed in an individual Balancer/Genotype Variant Report if it contains data.

Genes NOT subject to position effect variegation

A list of genes that do not show position effect variegation in the presence of the balancer/genotype variant.

Clicking on a gene symbol will take you to the relevant Gene Report.

This field is only displayed in an individual Balancer/Genotype Variant Report if it contains data.

hide Other Information

Miscellaneous free text comments about the balancer/genotype variant.

hide Synonyms & Secondary IDs
Reported As
Symbol Synonym

A list of symbols that have been used in the literature, or by FlyBase, to describe the balancer/genotype variant.

Name Synonym

A list of names that have been used in the literature, or by FlyBase, to describe the balancer/genotype variant.

Secondary FlyBase IDs

A list of Secondary FlyBase identifier numbers of the balancer/genotype variant.

If a balancer/genotype variant has a secondary identifier number, it generally indicates that at some point it has been merged with or split from other entries in the database. See the FlyBase identifier numbers section for some examples of the cases where identifier numbers are made secondary.

hide References

A list of publications that discuss the balancer/genotype variant, divided into fields by the type of publication. Only fields containing publications are displayed in an individual Balancer/Genotype Variant Report.