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Reference report help

Last Updated: October 2012

The Reference Report includes the bibliographic citation, PubMed ID and abstract if available, and links to FlyBase report pages that contain data curated from the reference, where applicable.

Below is a field-by-field guide to the information provided within the Reference Report.

hide Reference

The bibliographic citation for the reference. The exact content of this field differs depending on publication type but, where applicable, the information is in the following order: authors (surname. initial), year, title, publication details (e.g. abbreviated journal name, volume and issue number), page range/article number/URL.

For many journal articles, users can click on the hyperlinked section of the citation to be taken to the relevant webpage on the journal's server.

The name of the parent publication (usually a journal or edited book) is presented in abbreviated form within the citation. The full name and some associated details are shown in the Parent Publication section of the Reference Report.

Clicking on the 'Export to RIS’ link at the end of each citation downloads a tagged text file of citation data that can be imported into any standard reference manager.

FlyBase ID

The Primary FlyBase identifier number of the reference (FBrf), used to uniquely identify the reference in the database.

Any secondary FlyBase identifier numbers are listed in the Secondary IDs subsection of the Other Information section of the Reference Report.

Publication Type

The great majority of references within FlyBase are research papers from journals, but see the publication class section of the FlyBase controlled vocabulary for a full listing of publication types and their definitions.


The 'International Standard Book Number' (ISBN) applies only to references of the publication type 'book'. It is a unique number which is widely used to catalogue and search for books. This subsection is only present if it has content.

PubMed ID

The PubMed identification (PMID) number for the reference, where available. Clicking on the ID takes the user to the relevant page for the reference on the PubMed server.

PubMed Abstract

The abstract of the reference obtained from PubMed, where available.

Text of Personal Communication

The text of a 'personal communication to FlyBase' will appear here if available. If a digital copy of the communication is not available, the message 'Paper copy archived' will be shown and users can contact FlyBase for a copy. This subsection is only present if it has content. Any files that accompany the personal communication will be displayed in the Associated Files subsection of the Associated Information section.


The Digital Object Identifier for the reference, if available.

hide Related Publications

This section lists any references in FlyBase that are directly linked to the subject of the Reference Report. Common examples of related publication types are:

  • research paper and supplementary material
  • research paper and erratum
  • research paper and commentary
  • research paper and personal communication to FlyBase

The publication type of the related reference is given in the left-hand column and the citation of the reference is provided in the right-hand column, along with its primary FlyBase identifier number. Clicking on this number will take users to the Reference Report of the related publication.

hide Recent Updates

This section lists objects (e.g., genes, alleles, transgenic constructs) that were associated with the reference in each FlyBase release. It currently only tracks new links and not links that were removed.

hide Associated Information

A free text field used to provide comments that augment the basic citation details of a reference. This field is blank in most cases, but is often filled in for references of the type 'FlyBase analysis'.

Associated Files

The names of, and links to, any files that accompany the subject of the Reference Report (usually a personal communication) but are not in text format and so cannot be displayed in situ. Entries are of the format "File date: xxx ; File size: xxx ; File format: (eg pdf) ; File name: (name)". Users can download the file by clicking on the hyperlinked name.

hide Other Information
Secondary IDs

A list of secondary FlyBase identifier numbers of the reference. If a reference has a secondary identifier number, it generally indicates that at some point it has been merged with a duplicate entry in the database.

Language of Publication

The language in which the main text (i.e. the non-abstract sections) of the publication is written. See the publication language section of the FlyBase controlled vocabulary for a full listing of publication languages used in FlyBase.

Additional Languages of Abstract

The abstract of a publication is sometimes provided in more than one language, even when the main text of the paper is in a single language. The additional language(s) of such abstracts are listed here.

Also Published As

If the subject of the Reference Report also exists as a distinct publication in a different format (e.g. a different language) and/or in a different journal, then they will be listed here. The publication type and the citation of the other reference are shown, along with its primary FlyBase identifier number which is hyperlinked to its associated Reference Report.

hide Parent Publication

Most references in FlyBase are not stand-alone publications, but are published within a 'parent publication' - usually a journal or an edited book. Details on the parent publication of the subject of the Reference Report are given in this section.

Publication Type

The parent publication will be either 'journal', 'edited book', or the catch-all term 'compendium'. See the publication class section of the FlyBase controlled vocabulary for definitions.


The abbreviation for the parent publication, used where the reference is cited in the Citation section of the Reference Report and in the References section of other Reports. Journal abbreviations usually mirror those used at PubMed.


The full title of the parent publication.


The editors where the parent publication is an edited book. Names are listed in the format "surname. initial". This subsection is only present if it has content.

Publication Year

The year in which an edited book was published, or the years of publication of a journal (only shown for older journals). This subsection is only present if it has content.


The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) where the parent publication is an edited book, or the International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) where the parent publication is a journal. These are unique numbers that are widely used to catalogue and search for books and journals.

hide Data From Reference

This section provides a list of genetic objects (genes, alleles, aberrations, transgenic constructs etc.) that have been curated from the reference. Clicking on any of these takes the user directly to the respective report page. Genetic objects are listed as subsections according to type in alphabetical order. Subsections are only present where relevant data has been curated, meaning that this entire section will be blank for uncurated references, or will only have a 'Genes' subsection if they are the only type of object curated.