Abdou et al., 2011, Insect Biochem. Mol. Biol. 41(12): 938--945
|Abdou et al., 2011, Insect Biochem. Mol. Biol. 41(12): 938--945|
Drosophila Met and Gce are partially redundant in transducing juvenile hormone action.
The Drosophila Methoprene-tolerant (Met) and Germ cell-expressed (Gce) bHLH-PAS transcription factors are products of two paralogous genes. Both proteins potentially mediate the effect of juvenile hormone (JH) as candidate JH receptors. Here we report that Met and Gce are partially redundant in transducing JH action. Both Met and gce null single mutants are fully viable, but the Met gce double mutant, Met(27) gce(2.5k), dies during the larval-pupal transition. Precocious and enhanced caspase-dependent programmed cell death (PCD) appears in fat body cells of Met(27) gce(2.5k) during the early larval stages. Expression of Kr-h1, a JH response gene that inhibits 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E)-induced broad (br) expression, is abolished in Met(27) gce(2.5k) during larval molts. Consequently, expression of br occurs precociously in Met(27) gce(2.5k), which may cause precocious caspase-dependent PCD during the early larval stages. Defective phenotypes and gene expression changes in Met(27) gce(2.5k) double mutants are similar to those found in JH-deficient animals. Importantly, exogenous application of JH agonists rescued the JH-deficient animals but not the Met(27) gce(2.5k) mutants. Our data suggest a model in which Drosophila Met and Gce redundantly transduce JH action to prevent 20E-induced caspase-dependent PCD during larval molts by induction of Kr-h1 expression and inhibition of br expression.
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