Alton et al., 1988, Genetics 118: 235--245
|Alton et al., 1988, Genetics 118: 235--245|
Cytogenetic definition and morphogenetic analysis of Delta, a gene affecting neurogenesis in Drosophila melanogaster.
We have conducted a genetic analysis of a small interval of the third chromosome known to include Delta (Dl), a locus that affects the segregation of the ectoderm into neural and epidermal lineages during embryogenesis and the morphogenesis of some ectodermally derived structures, in Drosophila melanogaster. This analysis has led to the definition of seven independent complementation groups, one of which is Delta, within the interval extending from 91F6-13 to 92A2. Among the extant mutations in these seven loci, only mutations in Dl lead to the so-called neurogenic phenotype: hypertrophy of the nervous system and reduction of the epidermis. Combined cytogenetic and genetic analyses allow us to define absolute proximal (91F5-92A1) and distal (92A2) cytogenetic limits for the Dl locus. We have isolated hypomorphic and amorphic alleles of Dl and find that, for any given allele, there is an inverse correlation between neural hypertrophy and epidermal reduction in embryos and a direct correlation between the severity of embryonic phenotypes in mutant homozygotes and hemizygotes and the imaginal phenotype in heterozygous adults.
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