Anderson et al., 1993, Mol. Biol. Evol. 10(3): 605--618
|Anderson et al., 1993, Mol. Biol. Evol. 10(3): 605--618|
Evolution of the Adh locus in the Drosophila willistoni group: the loss of an intron and shift in codon usage.
We report here the DNA sequence of the alcohol dehydrogenase gene (Adh) cloned from Drosophila willistoni. The three major findings are as follows: (1) Relative to all other Adh genes known from Drosophila, D. willistoni Adh has the last intron precisely deleted; PCR directly from total genomic DNA indicates that the deletion exists in all members of the willistoni group but not in any other group, including the closely related saltans group. Otherwise the structure and predicted protein are very similar to those of other species. (2) There is a significant shift in codon usage, especially compared with that in D. melanogaster Adh. The most striking shift is from C to U in the wobble position (both third and first position). Unlike the codon-usage-bias pattern typical of highly biased genes in D. melanogaster, including Adh, D. willistoni has nearly 50% G + C in the third position. (3) The phylogenetic information provided by this new sequence is in agreement with almost all other molecular and morphological data, in placing the obscura group closer to the melanogaster group, with the willistoni group farther distant but still clearly within the subgenus Sophophora.
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