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General Information
Symbol
Dmel\elA
Species
D. melanogaster
Name
elbow A
Annotation Symbol
Feature Type
FlyBase ID
FBgn0004857
Gene Model Status
Stock Availability
Gene Summary
Contribute a Gene Snapshot for this gene.
Also Known As

el, elbow

Function
GO Summary Ribbons
Gene Ontology (GO) Annotations (0 terms)
Molecular Function (0 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (0 terms)
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (0 terms)
Biological Process (0 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (0 terms)
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (0 terms)
Cellular Component (0 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (0 terms)
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (0 terms)
Gene Group (FlyBase)
Protein Family (UniProt)
-
Protein Signatures (InterPro)
    -
    Summaries
    Phenotypic Description (Red Book; Lindsley and Zimm 1992)
    el: elbow (M. Ashburner)
    thumb
    el: elbow
    From Bridges and Brehme, 1944, Carnegie Inst. Washington Publ. No. 552: 75.
    Wings extended and bent backward, often warped and shortened; sometimes blistered and nicked. Alulae reduced in size with reduced number of marginal bristles-may fuse with wing blade. Venation reduced by terminal shortening of L5 and of crossveins. Halteres reduced, often to stubs. Eye size decreased (variable, even with strong alleles). Weak alleles may overlap wild type and show only a reduction in number of marginal bristles on alulae. Some alleles may be semilethal when hemizygous. Class (i) alleles enhance Sco, are semilethal with alleles of l(2)35Ba and show a weak noc phenotype when heterozygous with strong noc alleles or noc deletions. Class (ii) alleles do not interact with these loci. All alleles more extreme when hemizygous; strong alleles nearly apterous.
    Gene Model and Products
    Number of Transcripts
    0
    Number of Unique Polypeptides
    0
    Protein Domains (via Pfam)
    Isoform displayed:
    Pfam protein domains
    InterPro name
    classification
    start
    end
    Protein Domains (via SMART)
    Isoform displayed:
    SMART protein domains
    InterPro name
    classification
    start
    end
    Comments on Gene Model
    Sequence Ontology: Class of Gene
    Transcript Data
    Annotated Transcripts
    Additional Transcript Data and Comments
    Reported size (kB)
    Comments
    External Data
    Crossreferences
    Polypeptide Data
    Annotated Polypeptides
    Polypeptides with Identical Sequences

     

    Additional Polypeptide Data and Comments
    Reported size (kDa)
    Comments
    External Data
    Crossreferences
    Linkouts
    Sequences Consistent with the Gene Model
    Nucleotide / Polypeptide Records
      Mapped Features

      Click to get a list of regulatory features (enhancers, TFBS, etc.) and gene disruptions (point mutations, indels, etc.) within or overlapping Dmel\elA using the Feature Mapper tool.

      External Data
      Crossreferences
      Linkouts
      Expression Data
      Expression Summary Ribbons
      Colored tiles in ribbon indicate that expression data has been curated by FlyBase for that anatomical location. Colorless tiles indicate that there is no curated data for that location.
      For complete stage-specific expression data, view the modENCODE Development RNA-Seq section under High-Throughput Expression below.
      Transcript Expression
      Additional Descriptive Data
      Marker for
       
      Subcellular Localization
      CV Term
      Polypeptide Expression
      Additional Descriptive Data
      Marker for
       
      Subcellular Localization
      CV Term
      Evidence
      References
      Expression Deduced from Reporters
      High-Throughput Expression Data
      Associated Tools

      GBrowse - Visual display of RNA-Seq signals

      View Dmel\elA in GBrowse 2
      RNA-Seq by Region - Search RNA-Seq expression levels by exon or genomic region
      Reference
      See Gelbart and Emmert, 2013 for analysis details and data files for all genes.
      Developmental Proteome: Life Cycle
      Developmental Proteome: Embryogenesis
      External Data and Images
      Alleles, Insertions, Transgenic Constructs, and Aberrations
      Classical and Insertion Alleles ( 16 )
      For All Classical and Insertion Alleles Show
       
      Other relevant insertions
      Transgenic Constructs ( 0 )
      For All Alleles Carried on Transgenic Constructs Show
      Transgenic constructs containing/affecting coding region of elA
      Transgenic constructs containing regulatory region of elA
      Aberrations (Deficiencies and Duplications) ( 177 )
      Inferred from experimentation ( 177 )
      Gene disrupted in
      Gene not disrupted in
      Inferred from location ( 0 )
        Alleles Representing Disease-Implicated Variants
        Phenotypes
        For more details about a specific phenotype click on the relevant allele symbol.
        Lethality
        Allele
        Other Phenotypes
        Allele
        Phenotype manifest in
        Allele
        Orthologs
        Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v8.0)
        Homo sapiens (Human) (0)
        No records found.
        Model Organism Orthologs (via DIOPT v8.0)
        Mus musculus (laboratory mouse) (0)
        No records found.
        Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat) (0)
        No records found.
        Xenopus tropicalis (Western clawed frog) (0)
        No records found.
        Danio rerio (Zebrafish) (0)
        No records found.
        Caenorhabditis elegans (Nematode, roundworm) (0)
        No records found.
        Arabidopsis thaliana (thale-cress) (0)
        No records found.
        Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Brewer's yeast) (0)
        No records found.
        Schizosaccharomyces pombe (Fission yeast) (0)
        No records found.
        Ortholog(s) in Drosophila Species (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( None identified )
        No orthologies identified
        Orthologs in non-Drosophila Dipterans (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( None identified )
        No non-Drosophilid orthologies identified
        Orthologs in non-Dipteran Insects (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( None identified )
        No non-Dipteran orthologies identified
        Orthologs in non-Insect Arthropods (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( None identified )
        No non-Insect Arthropod orthologies identified
        Orthologs in non-Arthropod Metazoa (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( None identified )
        No non-Arthropod Metazoa orthologies identified
        Paralogs
        Paralogs (via DIOPT v8.0)
        Drosophila melanogaster (Fruit fly) (0)
        No records found.
        Human Disease Associations
        FlyBase Human Disease Model Reports
          Disease Model Summary Ribbon
          Disease Ontology (DO) Annotations
          Models Based on Experimental Evidence ( 0 )
          Allele
          Disease
          Evidence
          References
          Potential Models Based on Orthology ( 0 )
          Human Ortholog
          Disease
          Evidence
          References
          Modifiers Based on Experimental Evidence ( 0 )
          Allele
          Disease
          Interaction
          References
          Disease Associations of Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v8.0 and OMIM)
          Note that ortholog calls supported by only 1 or 2 algorithms (DIOPT score < 3) are not shown.
          Homo sapiens (Human)
          Gene name
          Score
          OMIM
          OMIM Phenotype
          DO term
          Complementation?
          Transgene?
          Functional Complementation Data
          Functional complementation data is computed by FlyBase using a combination of the orthology data obtained from DIOPT and OrthoDB and the allele-level genetic interaction data curated from the literature.
          Interactions
          Summary of Physical Interactions
          esyN Network Diagram
          Interactions Browser
          Summary of Genetic Interactions
          esyN Network Diagram
          Starting gene(s)
          Interaction type
          Interacting gene(s)
          Reference
          Starting gene(s)
          Interaction type
          Interacting gene(s)
          Reference
          External Data
          Linkouts
          DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
          InterologFinder - Protein-protein interactions (PPI) from both known and predicted PPI data sets.
          Pathways
          Signaling Pathways (FlyBase)
          Metabolic Pathways
          External Data
          Linkouts
          Genomic Location and Detailed Mapping Data
          Chromosome (arm)
          Recombination map
          Cytogenetic map
          Sequence location
          FlyBase Computed Cytological Location
          Cytogenetic map
          Evidence for location
          35B1-35B1
          Left limit from inclusion within Df(2L)fn15 (FBrf0030161) Right limit from complementation mapping against Ts(Y;2Lt)TE35B-18+Ts(YSt;2Rt)A80 (FBrf0091422)
          Experimentally Determined Cytological Location
          Cytogenetic map
          Notes
          References
          35B1-35B2
          (determined by in situ hybridisation)
          Experimentally Determined Recombination Data
          Location

          2-49.9 +/- 0.1

          Notes
          Stocks and Reagents
          Stocks (7)
          Genomic Clones (0)
           
            cDNA Clones (0)
             

            Please Note This section lists cDNAs and ESTs that fall within the genomic extent of the gene model, which may include cDNAs and ESTs of genes within introns, or of overlapping genes. Please see GBrowse for alignment of the cDNAs and ESTs to the gene model.

            cDNA clones, fully sequenced
            BDGP DGC clones
              Other clones
                Drosophila Genomics Resource Center cDNA clones

                For each fully sequenced cDNA the DGRC maintains various forms of the cDNA (e.g tagged or untagged) in several different host vectors for subsequent cloning and expression in Drosophila and Drosophila cell lines.

                  cDNA Clones, End Sequenced (ESTs)
                  BDGP DGC clones
                    Other clones
                      RNAi and Array Information
                      Linkouts
                      GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
                      Antibody Information
                      Laboratory Generated Antibodies
                       
                      Commercially Available Antibodies
                       
                      Other Information
                      Relationship to Other Genes
                      Source for database identify of
                      Source for database merge of
                      Additional comments

                      "elA" may correspond to "CG15283".

                      May correspond to CG15283 locus.

                      " BG:DS08340.1 " is probably "elA".

                      " BG:DS08340.1 " probably corresponds to "elA".

                      Other Comments

                      The elbow locus is made up of two genes, elA and elB, each of which has a distinct phenotype when mutant. Mutations in elA have a strong phenotype with marked disruptions of the wing. Mutations in elB are weak, mainly affecting the alula and wing bristles. elA and elB are dominant enhancers of each other.

                      Part of the "elbow-noc" complex.

                      Wings extended and bent backward, often warped and shortened; sometimes blistered and nicked. Alulae reduced in size with reduced number of marginal bristles -- may fuse with wing blade. Venation reduced by terminal shortening of L5 and of crossveins. Halteres reduced, often to stubs. Eye size decreased (variable, even with strong alleles). Weak alleles may overlap wild type and show only a reduction in number of marginal bristles on alulae. Some alleles may be semi-lethal when hemizygous. Class (i) alleles enhance nocSco, are semi-lethal with 35Ba alleles of noc and show a weak noc phenotype when heterozygous with strong noc alleles or noc deletions. Class (ii) alleles do not interact with these loci. All alleles more extreme when hemizygous; strong alleles nearly apterous.

                      Origin and Etymology
                      Discoverer

                      E. M. Wallace, 1st April 1935.

                      Etymology
                      Identification
                      External Crossreferences and Linkouts ( 3 )
                      Other crossreferences
                      GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
                      Linkouts
                      DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
                      InterologFinder - Protein-protein interactions (PPI) from both known and predicted PPI data sets.
                      Synonyms and Secondary IDs (6)
                      Datasets (0)
                      Study focus (0)
                      Experimental Role
                      Project
                      Project Type
                      Title
                      References (54)