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General Information
Name
Vibrio cholerae infection
FlyBase ID
FBhh0000790
Disease Ontology Term
Parent Disease
OMIM
Overview

Drosophila has been used to model infection by Vibrio cholerae, the causative agent of cholera. Infection by feeding is most commonly used; with feeding protocols infection is confined to the gut and disruption of the brush border of the intestinal epithelium is observed. Death is preceded by weight loss. Ingestion of cholera toxin alone results in intestinal disruption and weight loss, but is not lethal; thus, other virulence factors may contribute to the response in flies.

Mutations in a number of genes are observed to impact resistance to V. cholerae, including Gαs (a G protein subunit), rut (an adenylyl cyclase), SK (a calcium activated potassium channel), genes involved in programmed cell death, and genes involved in the immune deficiency signaling pathway. Ingestion of a potassium channel blocker in addition to the V. cholerae protects wild-type flies against death. Processes related to infection, such as quorum sensing and biofilm production, have been investigated in the fly model.

[updated Apr. 2018 by FlyBase; FBrf0222196]

Disease Summary Information
Disease Summary: Vibrio cholerae infection
OMIM report
Human gene(s) implicated
Symptoms and phenotype

Cholera is an acute, diarrheal illness caused by infection of the intestine with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. The infection is often mild or without symptoms, but can sometimes be severe. Approximately one in 10 (5-10%) infected persons will have severe disease characterized by profuse watery diarrhea, vomiting, and leg cramps. In these people, rapid loss of body fluids leads to dehydration and shock. Without treatment, death can occur within hours. (https://www.cdc.gov/cholera/general/index.html)

An estimated 3-5 million cases of cholera and over 100,000 deaths occur each year around the world. (https://www.cdc.gov/cholera/general/index.html

Genetics
Cellular phenotype and pathology
Molecular information
External links
    Disease synonyms
    cholera
    Ortholog Information
    Human gene(s) in FlyBase
      Other mammalian ortholog(s) used
        D. melanogaster Gene Information (0)
        Synthetic Gene(s) Used (0)
        Summary of Physical Interactions (0 groups)
        Alleles Reported to Model Human Disease (Disease Ontology) (0 alleles)
        Genetic Tools, Stocks and Reagents
        Sources of Stocks
        Contact lab of origin for a reagent not available from a public stock center.
        Bloomington Stock Center Disease Page
        Selected mammalian transgenes
        Allele
        Transgene
        Publicly Available Stocks
        Selected Drosophila transgenes
        Allele
        Transgene
        Publicly Available Stocks
        RNAi constructs available
        Allele
        Transgene
        Publicly Available Stocks
        Selected Drosophila classical alleles
        Allele
        Allele class
        Mutagen
        Publicly Available Stocks
        References (15)