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Garcia-Bellido, A., Robbins, L.G. (1983). Viability of female germ-line cells homozygous for zygotic lethals in Drosophila melanogaster.  Genetics 103: 235--247.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0039441
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

We have analyzed the viability of different types of X chromosomes in homozygous clones of female germ cells. The chromosomes carried viable mutations, single-cistron zygotic-lethal and semi-lethal mutations, or small (about six chromosome band) deletions. Homozygous germ-line clones were produced by recombination in females heterozygous for an X-linked, dominant, agametic female sterile.All the zygotic-viable mutants are also viable in germ cells. Of 16 deletions tested (uncovering a total of 93 bands) only 2 (of 4 and 5 bands) are germ-cell viable. Mutations in 15 lethal complementation groups in the zeste-white region were tested. When known, the most extreme alleles at each locus were tested. Only in five loci (33%) were the mutants viable in the germ line. Similar studies of the same deletions and point-mutant lethals in epidermal cells show that 42% of the bands and 77% of the lethal alleles are viable. Thus, germ-line cells have more stringent cell-autonomous genetic requirements than do epidermal cells.The eggs recovered from clones of three of the germ-cell viable zw mutations gave embryos arrested early in embryogenesis, although genotypically identical embryos derived from heterozygous oogonia die as larvae or even hatch as adult escapers. For two genes, homozygosis of the mutations tested also caused embryonic arrest of heterozygous female embryos, and in one case, the eggs did not develop at all. Germ-line clones of one quite leaky mutation gave eggs that were indistinguishable from normal. The abundance of genes whose products are required for oogenesis, whose products are required in the oocyte, and whose activity is required during zygotic development is discussed.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC1219976 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
DOI
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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Genetics
    Title
    Genetics
    Publication Year
    1916-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0016-6731
    Data From Reference