The Q strain known as v6 was tested for its ability to induce X-linked lethal mutations in male and female hybrids from crosses with M strains in the P-M system of hybrid dysgenesis. All measurements of the mutation rate were made on the X chromosome derived from the v6 strain. The lethal rate for young hybrid males from the cross M female X v6 male was 1.11% per chromosome. For older males, it was only 0.44%, suggesting that there is less mutational or more repair activity in the germ cells of the older males or that mutant cells are selectively eliminated as the hybrid males age. The lethal rate for hybrid females from comparable crosses was approximately the same for both ages that were tested. However, it was substantially less than the rate for the hybrid males--only 0.26% per chromosome. Genetically identical hybrid females from reciprocal crosses also showed a low mutation rate, 0.13% per chromosome. Again, there was no difference between young and old flies. Mapping experiments established that most of the lethal mutations that were recovered from the male and female hybrids were located in two regions on the X chromosome, one between bands 14B13 and 15A9 , the other between bands 19A1 and 20A , which encompasses the maroonlike locus. More refined mapping of the lethals in the maroonlike region demonstrated that the vast majority of these affected a single gene located in band 19C4 . Cytological analysis of the lethal chromosomes revealed that several carried rearrangements, including inversions, duplications and deficiencies. Chromosome breakage occurred primarily in bands 14D1 -3 and 18F- 20A , and most of the breaks in the latter segment were located in 19C . However, rearrangements involving 19C and mutations of the gene in 19C4 were mutually exclusive events. In situ hybridization of a P element probe to the chromosomes of v6 demonstrated that P elements reside at a minimum of five sites on the X chromosome. These P element sites correspond to the mutational and breakage hot spots on that chromosome. The combined genetic and cytological data imply that most of the X-linked lethal mutations that occur in M X v6 hybrids are due to local P element action. Consideration of these and other data suggest that v6 is a weak P strain in the P-M system of hybrid dysgenesis and that other Q strains might also be regarded in this way.