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Citation
Bayer, C.A., von Kalm, L., Fristrom, J.W. (1997). Relationships between protein isoforms and genetic functions demonstrate functional redundancy at the Broad-Complex during Drosophila metamorphosis.  Dev. Biol. 187(2): 267--282.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0094125
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Metamorphosis in holometabolous insects is an ecdysone-dependent process by which the larval form is replaced by a reproductive, adult form. At the onset of metamorphosis ecdysone induces a set of early genes which coordinate tissue-specific responses to hormone. The Broad-Complex (BR-C) early gene, which acts as a global regulator of tissue-specific responses to ecdysone, encodes a family of zinc-finger DNA binding proteins known as Z1, Z2, Z3, and Z4. Genetically the BR-C encodes three complementing functions, br, rbp, and 2Bc, and a class of npr1 alleles that fail to complement any of the other genetic functions. The effects of BR-C mutations on metamorphic development are highly pleiotropic, yet little is known about the roles of individual BR-C proteins in directing the required responses to ecdysone. Because the BR-C is a vital regulator of metamorphosis it is essential to establish the relationships between BR-C genetic functions and protein products. We present here the first general and definitive study of these relationships. Using heat-inducible transgenes we have rescued lethality associated with each of the complementing genetic functions and have restored transcriptional activity of tissue-specific BR-C(+)-dependent target genes. Our data lead us to conclude that br+ function is only provided by the Z2 isoform. We find that Z1 transgenes provide full rbp+ function, while Z4 provides partial function. Likewise, while Z3 provides full 2Bc+ function, Z2 also provides partial function. These results indicate possible functional redundancy or regulatory dependence (via autoregulation) associated with the rbp+ and 2Bc+ functions. The establishment of these relationships between BR-C genetic functions and protein isoforms is an important step toward understanding the roles of BR-C proteins in directing metamorphic responses to ecdysone.

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Erratum

Relationships between protein isoforms and genetic functions demonstrate functional redundancy at the Broad-Complex during Drosophila metamorphosis.
Bayer et al., 1997, Dev. Biol. 191(2): 311 [FBrf0099906]

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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Dev. Biol.
    Title
    Developmental Biology
    Publication Year
    1959-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0012-1606
    Data From Reference
    Alleles (14)
    Genes (5)
    Insertions (1)
    Transgenic Constructs (5)