Open Close
Fossett, N., Zhang, Q., Gajewski, K., Choi, C.Y., Kim, Y., Schulz, R.A. (2000). The multitype zinc-finger protein U-shaped functions in heart cell specification in the Drosophila embryo.  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97(13): 7348--7353.
FlyBase ID
Publication Type
Research paper

Multitype zinc-finger proteins of the Friend of GATA/U-shaped (Ush) class function as transcriptional regulators of gene expression through their modulation of GATA factor activity. To better understand intrinsic properties of these proteins, we investigated the expression and function of the ush gene during Drosophila embryogenesis. ush is dynamically expressed in the embryo, including several cell types present within the mesoderm. The gene is active in the cardiogenic mesoderm, and a loss of function results in an overproduction of both cardial and pericardial cells, indicating a requirement for the gene in the formation of these distinct cardiac cell types. Conversely, ectopic expression of ush results in a decrease in the number of cardioblasts in the heart and the inhibition of a cardial cell enhancer normally regulated by the synergistic activity of the Pannier and Tinman cardiogenic factors. These findings suggest that, similar to its known function in thoracic bristle patterning, Ush functions in the control of heart cell specification through its modulation of Pannier transcriptional activity. ush is also required for mesodermal cell migration early in embryogenesis, where it shows a genetic interaction with the Heartless fibroblast growth factor receptor gene. Taken together, these results demonstrate a critical role for the Ush transcriptional regulator in several diverse processes of mesoderm differentiation and heart formation.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC16548 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
Associated Information
Associated Files
Other Information
Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
    Publication Year
    Data From Reference
    Aberrations (1)
    Alleles (6)
    Genes (8)
    Experimental Tools (1)
    Transgenic Constructs (3)