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Loppin, B., Docquier, M., Bonneton, F., Couble, P. (2000). The maternal effect mutation sesame affects the formation of the male pronucleus in Drosophila melanogaster.  Dev. Biol. 222(2): 392--404.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0128555
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

After entering the oocyte and before the formation of the diploid zygote, the sperm nucleus is transformed into a male pronucleus, a process that involves a series of conserved steps in sexually reproducing animals. Notably, a major modification of the male gamete lies in the decondensation of the highly compact sperm chromatin. We present here the phenotype of sésame (ssm), a maternal effect mutation which affects the formation of the male pronucleus in Drosophila melanogaster. Homozygous ssm(185b) females produce haploid embryos which develop with only the maternally derived chromosomes. These haploid embryos die at the end of embryogenesis. Cytological analyses of the fertilization in eggs laid by ssm(185b) mutant females showed that both pronuclear migration and pronuclear apposition occurred normally. However, a dramatic alteration of the male pronucleus by which its chromatin failed to fully decondense was systematically observed. Consequently, the affected male pronucleus does not enter the first mitotic spindle, which is organized around only the maternally derived chromosomes. Immunodetection of lamina antigens indicates that a male pronuclear envelope is able to form around the partially decondensed paternal chromatin. This suggests that the maternally provided sésame(+) function is required for a late stage of sperm chromatin remodeling.

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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Dev. Biol.
    Title
    Developmental Biology
    Publication Year
    1959-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0012-1606
    Data From Reference
    Aberrations (4)
    Alleles (3)
    Genes (6)
    Transgenic Constructs (1)