In Drosophila melanogaster, hybrid dysgenesis occurs in progeny from crosses between females lacking P elements and males carrying P elements scattered throughout the genome. We have genetically isolated a naturally occurring P insertion at cytological location 1A, from a Tunisian population. The Nasr'Allah-P(1A) element [NA-P(1A)] has a deletion of the first 871 bp including the P promoter. It is flanked at the 3' end by telomeric associated sequences and at the 5' end by a HeT-A element sequence. The NA-P(1A) element strongly represses dysgenic sterility and P transposition. However, when testing P-promoter repression, NA-P(1A) was unable to repress a germinally expressed P-lacZ construct bearing no 5'-homology with it. Conversely, a second P-lacZ construct, in which the fusion with lacZ takes place in exon 3 of P, was successfully repressed by NA-P(1A). This suggests that NA-P(1A) repression involves a homology-dependent component.