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Citation
Li, J., Li, W.X. (2003). Drosophila gain-of-function mutant RTK Torso triggers ectopic Dpp and STAT signaling.  Genetics 164(1): 247--258.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0158996
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Overactivation of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) has been linked to tumorigenesis. To understand how a hyperactivated RTK functions differently from wild-type RTK, we conducted a genome-wide systematic survey for genes that are required for signaling by a gain-of-function mutant Drosophila RTK Torso (Tor). We screened chromosomal deficiencies for suppression of a gain-of-function mutation tor (tor(GOF)), which led to the identification of 26 genomic regions that, when in half dosage, suppressed the defects caused by tor(GOF). Testing of candidate genes in these regions revealed many genes known to be involved in Tor signaling (such as those encoding the Ras-MAPK cassette, adaptor and structural molecules of RTK signaling, and downstream target genes of Tor), confirming the specificity of this genetic screen. Importantly, this screen also identified components of the TGFbeta (Dpp) and JAK/STAT pathways as being required for Tor(GOF) signaling. Specifically, we found that reducing the dosage of thickveins (tkv), Mothers against dpp (Mad), or STAT92E (aka marelle), respectively, suppressed tor(GOF) phenotypes. Furthermore, we demonstrate that in tor(GOF) embryos, dpp is ectopically expressed and thus may contribute to the patterning defects. These results demonstrate an essential requirement of noncanonical signaling pathways for a persistently activated RTK to cause pathological defects in an organism.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC1462547 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
DOI
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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Genetics
    Title
    Genetics
    Publication Year
    1916-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0016-6731
    Data From Reference