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Citation
Kim, Y.O., Park, S.J., Balaban, R.S., Nirenberg, M., Kim, Y. (2004). A functional genomic screen for cardiogenic genes using RNA interference in developing Drosophila embryos.  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 101(1): 159--164.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0168010
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Identifying genetic components is an essential step toward understanding complex developmental processes. The primitive heart of the fruit fly, the dorsal vessel, which is a hemolymph-pumping organ, has provided a unique model system to identify cardiogenic genes and to further our understanding of the molecular mechanisms of cardiogenesis. Using RNA interference in developing Drosophila embryos, we performed a genomewide search for cardiogenic genes. Through analyses of the >5800 genes that cover approximately 40% of all predicted Drosophila genes, we identified a variety of genes encoding transcription factors and cell signaling proteins required for different steps during heart development. Analysis of mutant heart phenotypes and identified genes suggests that the Drosophila heart tube is segmentally patterned, like axial patterning, but assembled with regional modules. One of the identified genes, simjang, was further characterized. In the simjang mutant embryo, we found that within each segment a subset of cardial cells is missing. Interestingly, the simjang gene encodes a protein that is a component of the chromatin remodeling complex recruited by methyl-CpG-DNA binding proteins, suggesting that epigenetic information is crucial for specifying cardiac precursors. Together, these studies not only identify key regulators but also reveal mechanisms underlying heart development.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC314155 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.
    Title
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
    Publication Year
    1915-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0027-8424
    Data From Reference
    Alleles (4)
    Genes (53)
    Insertions (1)
    Experimental Tools (2)
    Transgenic Constructs (1)