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Citation
Wang, G., Jiang, J. (2004). Multiple Cos2/Ci interactions regulate Ci subcellular localization through microtubule dependent and independent mechanisms.  Dev. Biol. 268(2): 493--505.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0174526
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

The Hedgehog (Hh) family of secreted proteins governs many developmental processes in both vertebrates and invertebrates. In Drosophila, Hh acts by blocking the formation of a truncated repressor form of Cubitus interruptus (Ci) and by stimulating the nuclear translocation and activity of full-length Ci (Ci155). In the absence of Hh, Ci155 is sequestered in the cytoplasm by forming protein complexes with Costal2 (Cos2), Fused (Fu) and Suppressor of Fused [Su(fu)]. How complex formation regulates Ci155 subcellular localization is not clear. We find that Cos2 interacts with two distinct domains of Ci155, an amino (N)-terminal domain (CDN) and a carboxyl (C)-terminal domain (CORD), and Cos2 competes with Su(fu) for binding to the N-terminal region of Ci155. We provide evidence that both N- and C-terminal Cos2 binding domains are involved in the cytoplasmic retention of Ci155 in imaginal discs. Treating imaginal discs with microtubule-destabilizing reagent nocodazole promotes nuclear translocation of Ci155, suggesting that the microtubule network plays an important role in the cytoplasmic retention of Ci155. In addition, we find that adding a nuclear localization signal (NLS) to exposed regions of Ci155 greatly facilitates its nuclear translocation, suggesting that the cytoplasmic retention of Ci155 may also depend on NLS masking.

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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Dev. Biol.
    Title
    Developmental Biology
    Publication Year
    1959-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0012-1606
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