By screening for mutants exhibiting interactions with a dominant-negative dynamin, we have identified the Drosophila homologue of receptor-mediated endocytosis (Rme) 8, a J-domain-containing protein previously shown to be required for endocytosis in Caenorhabditis elegans. Analysis of Drosophila Rme-8 mutants showed that internalization of Bride of sevenless and the uptake of tracers were blocked. In addition, endosomal organization and the distribution of clathrin were greatly disrupted in Rme-8 cells, suggesting that Rme-8 participates in a clathrin-dependent process. The phenotypes of Rme-8 mutants bear a strong resemblance to those of Hsc70-4, suggesting that these two genes act in a common pathway. Indeed, biochemical and genetic data demonstrated that Rme-8 interacts specifically with Hsc70-4 via its J-domain. Thus, Rme-8 appears to function as an unexpected but critical cochaperone with Hsc70 in endocytosis. Because Hsc70 is known to act in clathrin uncoating along with auxilin, another J-protein, its interaction with Rme-8 indicates that Hsc70 can act with multiple cofactors, possibly explaining its pleiotropic effects on the endocytic pathway.