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Citation
Devenport, D., Brown, N.H. (2004). Morphogenesis in the absence of integrins: mutation of both Drosophila beta subunits prevents midgut migration.  Development 131(21): 5405--5415.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0180169
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Two integrin beta subunits are encoded in the Drosophila genome. The betaPS subunit is widely expressed and heterodimers containing this subunit are required for many developmental processes. The second betasubunit, betanu, is a divergent integrin expressed primarily in the midgut endoderm. To elucidate its function, we generated null mutations in the gene encoding betanu. We find that betanu is not required for viability or fertility, and overall the mutant flies are normal in appearance. However, we could observe betanu function in the absence of betaPS. Consistent with its expression, removal of betanu only enhanced the phenotype of betaPS in the developing midgut. In embryos lacking the zygotic contribution of betaPS, loss of betanu resulted in enhanced separation between the midgut and the surrounding visceral mesoderm. In the absence of both maternal and zygotic betaPS, a delay in midgut migration was observed, but removing betanu as well blocked migration completely. These results demonstrate that the second beta subunit can partially compensate for loss of betaPS integrins, and that integrins are essential for migration of the primordial midgut cells. The two beta subunits mediate midgut migration by distinct mechanisms: one that requires talin and one that does not. Other examples of developmental cell migration, such as that of the primordial germ cells, occurred normally in the absence of integrins. Having generated the tools to eliminate integrin function completely, we confirm that Drosophila integrins do not control proliferation as they do in mammals, and have identified alphaPS3 as a heterodimeric partner for betanu.

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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Development
    Title
    Development
    Publication Year
    1987-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0950-1991
    Data From Reference
    Aberrations (2)
    Alleles (5)
    Genes (11)
    Insertions (3)