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Yoshida, H., Kwon, E., Hirose, F., Otsuki, K., Yamada, M., Yamaguchi, M. (2004). DREF is required for EGFR signalling during Drosophila wing vein development.  Genes Cells 9(10): 935--944.
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The DNA replication-related element binding factor (DREF) has been suggested as being involved in regulation of DNA replication- and proliferation-related genes in Drosophila. Recently, by searching the Drosophila genome database, we also found DRE-like sequences in the 5'-flanking regions of many genes with other functions. In addition, immunostaining of polytene chromosomes with an anti-DREF monoclonal antibody revealed that DREF can bind to a hundred regions of polytene chromosomes, suggesting regulation of multiple genes and multiple roles in vivo. When we over-expressed DREF protein or inverted repeat RNA of the DREF gene in wing imaginal discs using the GAL4-UAS targeted expression system in Drosophila, the results were veins of increased width and a loss of veins, respectively. With DREF over-expression, Rolled, a Drosophila MAPK homologue, was ectopically activated. Furthermore, half reduction of the D-raf gene dose suppressed this DREF-induced vein of increased width phenotype. In addition, when DREF transcripts were reduced by introducing double-stranded RNA of the DREF gene into S2 cells, the D-raf gene promoter activity was diminished to 4%. These data indicate that DREF is involved in regulation of vein formation through the activation of EGFR signalling in the Drosophila wing imaginal discs.

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    Genes Cells
    Genes to cells : devoted to molecular & cellular mechanisms
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