Open Close
Reference
Citation
Lundgren, J., Masson, P., Mirzaei, Z., Young, P. (2005). Identification and characterization of a Drosophila proteasome regulatory network.  Mol. Cell. Biol. 25(11): 4662--4675.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0188596
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Maintaining adequate proteasomal proteolytic activity is essential for eukaryotic cells. For metazoan cells, little is known about the composition of genes that are regulated in the proteasome network or the mechanisms that modulate the levels of proteasome genes. Previously, two distinct treatments have been observed to induce 26S proteasome levels in Drosophila melanogaster cell lines, RNA interference (RNAi)-mediated inhibition of the 26S proteasome subunit Rpn10/S5a and suppression of proteasome activity through treatment with active-site inhibitors. We have carried out genome array profiles from cells with decreased Rpn10/S5a levels using RNAi or from cells treated with proteasome inhibitor MG132 and have thereby identified candidate genes that are regulated as part of a metazoan proteasome network. The profiles reveal that the majority of genes that were identified to be under the control of the regulatory network consisted of 26S proteasome subunits. The 26S proteasome genes, including three new subunits, Ubp6p, Uch-L3, and Sem1p, were found to be up-regulated. A number of genes known to have proteasome-related functions, including Rad23, isopeptidase T, sequestosome, and the genes for the segregase complex TER94/VCP-Ufd1-Npl4 were also found to be up-regulated. RNAi-mediated inhibition against the segregase complex genes demonstrated pronounced stabilization of proteasome substrates throughout the Drosophila cell. Finally, transcriptional reporter assays and deletion mapping studies in Drosophila demonstrate that proteasome mRNA induction is dependent upon the 5' untranslated regions (UTRs). Transfer of the 5' UTR from the proteasome subunit Rpn1/S2 to a noninducible promoter was sufficient to confer transcriptional upregulation of the reporter mRNA after proteasome inhibition.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC1140619 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
Associated Information
Comments
Associated Files
Other Information
Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Mol. Cell. Biol.
    Title
    Molecular and Cellular Biology
    Publication Year
    1981-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0270-7306
    Data From Reference