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Citation
Tyler, D.M., Li, W., Zhuo, N., Pellock, B., Baker, N.E. (2007). Genes affecting cell competition in Drosophila.  Genetics 175(2): 643--657.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0192304
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Cell competition is a homeostatic mechanism that regulates the size attained by growing tissues. We performed an unbiased genetic screen for mutations that permit the survival of cells being competed due to haplo-insufficiency for RpL36. Mutations that protect RpL36 heterozygous clones include the tumor suppressors expanded, hippo, salvador, mats, and warts, which are members of the Warts pathway, the tumor suppressor fat, and a novel tumor-suppressor mutation. Other hyperplastic or neoplastic mutations did not rescue RpL36 heterozygous clones. Most mutations that rescue cell competition elevated Dpp-signaling activity, and the Dsmurf mutation that elevates Dpp signaling was also hyperplastic and rescued. Two nonlethal, nonhyperplastic mutations prevent the apoptosis of Minute heterozygous cells and suggest an apoptosis pathway for cell competition . In addition to rescuing RpL36 heterozygous cells, mutations in Warts pathway genes were supercompetitors that could eliminate wild-type cells nearby. The findings show that differences in Warts pathway activity can lead to competition and implicate the Warts pathway, certain other tumor suppressors, and novel cell death components in cell competition, in addition to the Dpp pathway implicated by previous studies. We suggest that cell competition might occur during tumor development in mammals.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC1800612 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Genetics
    Title
    Genetics
    Publication Year
    1916-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0016-6731
    Data From Reference