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Citation
Commisso, C., Boulianne, G.L. (2007). The NHR1 domain of Neuralized binds Delta and mediates Delta trafficking and Notch signaling.  Mol. Biol. Cell 18(1): 1--13.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0193514
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Notch signaling, which is crucial to metazoan development, requires endocytosis of Notch ligands, such as Delta and Serrate. Neuralized is a plasma membrane-associated ubiquitin ligase that is required for neural development and Delta internalization. Neuralized is comprised of three domains that include a C-terminal RING domain and two neuralized homology repeat (NHR) domains. All three domains are conserved between organisms, suggesting that these regions of Neuralized are functionally important. Although the Neuralized RING domain has been shown to be required for Delta ubiquitination, the function of the NHR domains remains elusive. Here we show that neuralized, a well-characterized neurogenic allele, exhibits a mutation in a conserved residue of the NHR1 domain that results in mislocalization of Neuralized and defects in Delta binding and internalization. Furthermore, we describe a novel isoform of Neuralized and show that it is recruited to the plasma membrane by Delta and that this is mediated by the NHR1 domain. Finally, we show that the NHR1 domain of Neuralized is both necessary and sufficient to bind Delta. Altogether, our data demonstrate that NHR domains can function in facilitating protein-protein interactions and in the case of Neuralized, mediate binding to its ubiquitination target, Delta.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC1751308 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Mol. Biol. Cell
    Title
    Molecular Biology of the Cell
    Publication Year
    1992-
    ISBN/ISSN
    1059-1524
    Data From Reference
    Alleles (7)
    Genes (7)
    Physical Interactions (1)
    Cell Lines (1)
    Natural transposons (1)
    Insertions (1)
    Experimental Tools (2)
    Transgenic Constructs (5)