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Shin, S.W., Kokoza, V., Bian, G., Cheon, H.M., Kim, Y.J., Raikhel, A.S. (2005). REL1, a homologue of Drosophila dorsal, regulates Toll antifungal immune pathway in the female mosquito Aedes aegypti.  J. Biol. Chem. 280(16): 16499--16507.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0195897
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Signaling by Drosophila Toll pathway activates two Rel/NF-kappaB transcription factors, Dorsal (Dl) and Dorsal-related immune factor (Dif). Dl plays a central role in the establishment of dorsoventral polarity during early embryogenesis, whereas Dif mediates the Toll receptor-dependent antifungal immune response in adult Drosophila. The absence of a Dif ortholog in mosquito genomes suggests that Dl may play its functional role in the mosquito Toll-mediated innate immune responses. We have cloned and molecularly characterized the gene homologous to Drosophila Dl and to Anopheles gambiae REL1 (Gambif1) from the yellow fever mosquito Aedes aegypti, named AaREL1. AaREL1 alternative transcripts encode two isoforms, AaREL1-A and AaREL1-B. Both transcripts are enriched during embryogenesis and are inducible by septic injury in larval and female mosquitoes. AaREL1 and AaREL2 (Aedes Relish) selectively bind to different kappaB motifs from insect immune gene promoters. Ectopic expression of AaREL1-A in both Drosophila mbn-2 cells and transgenic flies specifically activates Drosomycin and results in increased resistance against the fungus Beauveria bassiana. AaREL1-B acted cooperatively with AaREL1-A to enhance the immune gene activation in Aag-2 cells. The RNA interference knock-outs revealed that AaREL1 affected the expression of Aedes homologue of Drosophila Serpin-27A and mediated specific antifungal immune response against B. bassiana. These results indicate that the homologue of Dl, but not that of Dif, is a key regulator of the Toll antifungal immune pathway in A. aegypti female mosquitoes.

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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    J. Biol. Chem.
    Title
    Journal of Biological Chemistry
    Publication Year
    1905-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0021-9258
    Data From Reference
    Alleles (2)
    Genes (15)
    Cell Lines (1)
    Natural transposons (1)
    Experimental Tools (2)
    Transgenic Constructs (2)