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Citation
Tang, H., Kambris, Z., Lemaitre, B., Hashimoto, C. (2008). A serpin that regulates immune melanization in the respiratory system of Drosophila.  Dev. Cell 15(4): 617--626.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0206001
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Epithelial tissues facing the external environment are essential to combating microbial infection. In addition to providing a physical barrier, epithelial tissues mount chemical defenses to prevent invasion of internal tissues by pathogens. Here, we describe that the melanization reaction implicated in host defense is activated in the respiratory system, the trachea, of Drosophila. Tracheal melanization can be activated by the presence of microorganisms but is normally blocked by Spn77Ba, a protease inhibitor in the serpin family. Spn77Ba inhibits a protease cascade involving the MP1 and MP2 proteases that activates phenol oxidase, a key enzyme in melanin biosynthesis. Unexpectedly, we found that tracheal melanization resulting from Spn77Ba disruption induces systemic expression of the antifungal peptide Drosomycin via the Toll pathway. Such signaling between local and systemic immune responses could represent an alarm mechanism that prepares the host in case a pathogen breaches epithelial defenses to invade internal tissues.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC2671232 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Dev. Cell
    Title
    Developmental Cell
    Publication Year
    2001-
    ISBN/ISSN
    1534-5807 1878-1551
    Data From Reference