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Mallik, M., Lakhotia, S.C. (2009). The developmentally active and stress-inducible noncoding hsromega gene is a novel regulator of apoptosis in Drosophila.  Genetics 183(3): 831--852.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0209343
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

The large nucleus limited noncoding hsromega-n RNA of Drosophila melanogaster is known to associate with a variety of heterogeneous nuclear RNA-binding proteins (hnRNPs) and certain other RNA-binding proteins to assemble the nucleoplasmic omega speckles. In this article, we show that RNAi-mediated depletion of this noncoding RNA dominantly suppresses apoptosis, in eye and other imaginal discs, triggered by induced expression of Rpr, Grim, or caspases (initiator as well as effector), all of which are key regulators/effectors of the canonical caspase-mediated cell death pathway. We also show, for the first time, a genetic interaction between the noncoding hsromega transcripts and the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signaling pathway since downregulation of hsromega transcripts suppressed JNK activation. In addition, hsromega-RNAi also augmented the levels of Drosophila Inhibitor of Apoptosis Protein 1 (DIAP1) when apoptosis was activated. Suppression of induced cell death following depletion of hsromega transcripts was abrogated when the DIAP1-RNAi transgene was coexpressed. Our results suggest that the hsromega transcripts regulate cellular levels of DIAP1 via the hnRNP Hrb57A, which physically interacts with DIAP1, and any alteration in levels of the hsromega transcripts in eye disc cells enhances association between these two proteins. Our studies thus reveal a novel regulatory role of the hsromega noncoding RNA on the apoptotic cell death cascade through multiple paths. These observations add to the diversity of regulatory functions that the large noncoding RNAs carry out in the cells' life.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC2778980 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Genetics
    Title
    Genetics
    Publication Year
    1916-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0016-6731
    Data From Reference