Open Close
Reference
Citation
Shidara, Y., Hollenbeck, P.J. (2010). Defects in Mitochondrial Axonal Transport and Membrane Potential without Increased Reactive Oxygen Species Production in a Drosophila Model of Friedreich Ataxia.  J. Neurosci. 30(34): 11369--11378.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0211611
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Friedreich ataxia, a neurodegenerative disorder resulting from frataxin deficiency, is thought to involve progressive cellular damage from oxidative stress. In Drosophila larvae with reduced frataxin expression (DfhIR), we evaluated possible mechanisms of cellular neuropathology by quantifying mitochondrial axonal transport, membrane potential (MMP), and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in the DfhIR versus wild-type nervous system throughout development. Although dying-back neuropathy in DfhIR larvae did not occur until late third instar, reduced MMP was already apparent at second instar in the cell bodies, axons and neuromuscular junctions (NMJs) of segmental nerves. Defects in axonal transport of mitochondria appeared late in development in distal nerve of DfhIR larvae, with retrograde movement preferentially affected. As a result, by late third instar the neuromuscular junctions (NMJs) of DfhIR larvae accumulated a higher density of mitochondria, many of which were depolarized. Notably, increased ROS production was not detected in any neuronal region or developmental stage in DfhIR larvae. However, when challenged with antimycin A, neurons did respond with a larger increase in ROS. We propose that pathology in the frataxin-deficient nervous system involves decreased MMP and ATP production followed by failures of mitochondrial transport and NMJ function.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC2943153 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
Associated Information
Comments
Associated Files
Other Information
Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    J. Neurosci.
    Title
    Journal of Neuroscience
    Publication Year
    1981-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0270-6474 1529-2401
    Data From Reference
    Alleles (4)
    Genes (5)
    Human Disease Models (1)
    Insertions (1)
    Transgenic Constructs (3)